PhD Sociology, Political Science, Culturology, Philosophy

Презентация программы Doctor of Philosophy «Социология, Политология, Культурология, Философия»

Diploma / Certificate - PhD Sociology, Political Science, Culturology, Philosophy
Research / Distance Learning
Duration of study on the program 4 semesters / 12 months

The course will shed light on the meaning of some basic philosophical categories of the world cultures such as good, evil, justice, religion, God, the absolute, the truth, and their perception by people in different historical periods and societies. Special attention will be paid to the historical periods of antiquity and the Middle Ages, as well as their influence on modern life. The course will provide an opportunity to understand and realize the basic cultural codes, historical and religious patterns which were and still remain the axis of the spiritual life of human societies, and without which it is impossible to get an adequate picture of modern life on Earth. The course will show the connection of the philosophical meanings of the past with the present, it will allow doctoral students to trace the continuity of some fundamental historical patterns and learn how to perceive the world without borders. Contemporary people using computers and iPhones, spending most of their time in the virtual space, are nevertheless connected with the basic categories of culture no less than people of the past. The majority of the most important decisions – from politics to private life – are made on the basis of the understanding of these categories. Their influence on our life is still tremendous.

Doctor of Philosophy «Социология, Политология, Культурология, Философия»

PhD Programme Sociology, Political Science, Culturology, Philosophy

In the process of learning of classical thought, a unique step-by-step presentation of material will be used. The idea is to present the course like an captivating computer game where all the materials will be organized from easier to more complex levels, and philosophy and cultural studies will become your weapon for solving the most complex external and internal problems. Such an educational concept means to show that philosophy and culture are not boring disciplines but an exciting intellectual game for the development of your free thinking skills, it is the game in which everyone can take part.

First level

“Arms” philosophical warehouse: Answers to Questions
What is thought?
What is culture?
What is philosophy and what is it for?
What is my “I” and how to perceive it?
What is language?
What is power?

Second level

Use of categorical philosophical weapons

We will start from the fact that the basic categories of world culture, such as good, evil, the will to power, death, perception of time, the search for the meaning of life, justice, destiny, subjectivity, and many others remain basic at any historical period and in any society. They can change forms but not their essence and nature. Therefore, the key methodological principle of this course is to consider the basic categories in several world cultures, which are the axes of the entire world civilization:

Mesopotamian (Old Eastern)
Egyptian
Indian
Greek
Chinese

The task of doctoral students will be a consistent consideration of all aspects of these categories highlighting the basic meanings of each of them, understanding particular differences and similarities between the same categories in other cultures. Understanding these basic categories is important in order to get a more clear picture of the specific character of ancient civilizations, it is also important for an adequate understanding of the current situation and the development of individual independent thinking.

Course content

Using the example of cultural codes, students will consider the basic categories on which any philosophical culture and society is built on. It is necessary in order:

1. To build a coherent view of the culture process, differences and similarities, as well as the continuity of its main categories. It should be kept in mind that the latter can simultaneously play the role of both the foundation and dynamite. It is a foundation if these concepts are supported by people who laid them for the groundwork for their social, ethical, religious, sexual and business life. But it is a dynamite if, for one reason or another, society begins to reconsiders these categories. This leads to a revolution, as it happened, for example, in the XXth century in Russia.

2. To be able to see the difference and particularity of cultures that is extremely important in the globalized world today for the better understanding of the latter. Just one example: the category of “justice” or “fate” has been perceived differently in Greece and India. The Greeks perceived this concept as fatality, fate was seen as something given from above and not subject to change. An individual person, no matter what place he occupied in the social hierarchy, could not change his fate (moira), he had to follow until the end. In India, fate (daiva) was associated with human actions, its course could be influenced by changing karma. It brings about a different attitude to the world among the ancient Greeks and Indians, which formed different patterns of perception, both of themselves and of the world as a whole. In China, the concept of destiny-path (Tao), the nuclear principle that permeates everything that exists, also had its own characteristics, differing from the Greek and Indian. Greek “fatalism” and Indian “karmic participation” in the Chinese Tao coexist. For the Chinese, there is what the German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz called “pre-established harmony” and personal involvement in destiny (his own and society as a whole), and the task is to not violate this harmony that is in fact very difficult. A similar situation is with the category of “justice.” For example, in ancient Egypt, justice was personified by Maʼat, a goddess and an abstract principle at the same time. Man perceived Maʼat as something given but not once and forever since the human being must support this principle at any moment of his or her life. Greek and Indian justice were more earthly, concrete, in other words, they were more social than religious.

3. To be able to speak with a person of another culture in his or her language, understand his or her codes. Already from the examples above one can see the differences between people who lived in ancient times and belonged to a different cultural type and our contemporaries. But these differences are largely preserved today.
For many of us, who live in the West, personal involvement in the world or social processes does not make much sense, we do not see ourselves directly linked with the higher forces governing the world processes, and, to put it simply, we don’t bother with this. Generally we are interesting in quite specific social, economic and personal business, and their success within a short period of time. For the Chinese or the Indian, the situation is different; they feel much more involved in the world at the “large scale” and inclined to see themselves not so much as an atomic structure having little to do with the whole, but an integral part of it that affects the whole system. So, if the concept of “world” for a Western person is generally reduced to a set of rules necessary for social survival and receiving personal benefits from society, for the Chinese “world” is also the whole that needs his or her support. The world is not only the environment, but also a goal. This leads to some fundamental differences in thinking that must be taken into account. Similar differences exist even between the Russians and Europeans, the Russians and Americans. All this makes our modern planet not only “global,” but also manifold hard to understand and live in.

4. To understand (philosophically) the political situation in the world. Politics is one of cultural dimensions. To have an adequate understanding of it, it is necessary to know its internal mechanism, its language and mythology. Political concepts are largely dependent on the philosophical and cultural background they come from. Not only someone who has money and influence wins in politics (this is necessary, but not enough), someone who understands his or her time is politically successful. Time is encoded in cultural and philosophical references scattered across the entire social field. Even people, who are very far from intellectual games, use these references, whether they like it or not. The one who knows better how to use these references and through them create useful contexts will come to power.

History of philosophy

After passing the first and second level, doctoral students will proceed to the third level - consideration of a number of philosophical concepts and topics:

• Space
• Time
• Visibility
• Society
• Death of the Subject?
• Language power: Who Speaks? Whom is Speaking To?
• Publicity, its Boundaries and Opportunities?
• Images of Death in the Modern World
• Signs and Blindness
• Intimacy. What is it today?
• Consciousness: Where did it Come From and Where is it going?
• Metamorphosis of Sexuality

We will consider these concepts and themes in a number of the key philosophical figures of European and Eastern philosophy: Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Marx, Freud. The task is not to study in depth the philosophical views of these authors but with their help to answer some fundamental questions the world faces today. In other words, in our philosophical game these philosophers will become for us a kind of weapon we will use to achieve our goals. The rule will be as follows: every gamer, a doctoral student, depending on how he or she passed the previous levels, i.e. how he or she showed the originality of his or her thinking, will be able to choose philosophers from the past (one, two or several) and, arguing with them, to develop further his or her chosen philosophical topic. In addition, at the third level, any philosophical topic, if a doctoral student wishes, we could analyze through appropriate films. Several films will be selected that correspond to a particular problem, and a student will reflect on his or her topic using the language of cinema. It can give an additional interesting dimension to the analysis of the problem. It is important to remember: as well as not all the written is clear, not everything shown is visible. Unlike ordinary university courses, where students cannot freely express their point of view, being asked to mirror the tutor's ideas and what he or she learned in the textbooks, in this course students will have much more freedom. They will have the right to express any ideas, criticize any authors, without regard to their authority. The most important regulation is to be argumentative and explicit, any statement should be justified, and no phony philosophical messages will find a positive reaction. Philosophy is not an idle talk in the kitchen, it is an exact discipline that requires text-based argumentation, a non-trivial angle and, I repeat, inner freedom.

 

PHD COURSE PROGRAMME "SOCIOLOGY, POLITICAL SCIENCE, CULTUROLOGY, PHILOSOPHY"

THEME 1. THEORY AND HISTORY OF SOCIOLOGY

Sociology - the science of society and the social world
Formation and development of sociology
Society as an object of scientific knowledge
The object and subject of sociology
Sociology structure
Sociology and political science
Sociology and other social sciences
Functions of sociology
Features of the formation and development of sociology in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
We note three fundamental considerations.
Dialectical materialism and sociology
Classes and class struggle
Sociology in the early twentieth century

Society and personality. Social changes
Social and mental personality structure
The essence of the socialization process
Theoretical ideas about the direction of social change
Social evolution and social revolution
Formational and civilizational approaches to the study of society
Types of societies
Features of social transformations in modern society
Types of civilization development
Russia and catch-up modernization
Social change and social development

Social interaction and social structure
The classic concept of social action M. Weber
Concepts of action, interaction, social space and sociocultural dynamics in integral sociology P. Sorokin
General theory of social action of T. Parsons
The concept of action in the dynamic sociology of A.Turen
Theory of the communicative action of J. Habermas
Concepts of social action and social space P. Bourdieu
E.Giddens structuring theory
The concept of self-reference system N. Luman
Symbolic interactionism
Social Exchange Theories

Social structure of society
Social structure as a result of social differentiation
Sociological meaning and historical significance of the theory of classes and class struggle
Social groups and social communities, their typology
The essence of social stratification
Characteristics of social mobility in modern society

THEME 2. SOCIAL INSTITUTES AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT

Social institutions
Social organization as a process and hierarchical target system of social interaction
Social institutions as subjects of social change and development. Ideological functions of social institutions
Society as a regulated and managed social system
Place and role of social factors in the management structure
Management culture, its essence, features of formation

Social management
Social management as an independent branch of scientific knowledge
The essence and content of social management
History of managerial social thought
Laws and principles of social management
Social management methods
Goal-setting management
Strategic goal setting - a resource of crisis management
Value Impact in Social Management
Information support of social management
Social management system. Essence, content, structural elements of the system
Organizational relationships and organizational activities
Social leader of managerial type
Management decision making
Making joint decisions. Collegiate-liberal leadership style
Social control and management effectiveness

Management features in the XXI century
Geopolitics in modern management
The state is the main subject of social management
Social management as a system
Modern management and its classification
Social management system
Social systems and their components

Sociological research: its types, structure and functions
Methods of collecting sociological information
Sociological research in the structure of sociological knowledge
The main types and types of sociological research
Mapping the logic of sociological research in its program
Representativeness of the study
Sociological information, its main types
Sociological observation, especially its organization
The method of expert assessments, its types, features of the organization
Analysis of sociological information and sociological forecast

THEME 3. SOCIAL FORECASTING

Historical conditions for the emergence and development of social forecasting
The development of ideas about the future in the early stages of human existence. Presentation of primitive thinking.
Religious, utopian and philosophical and historical roots.
Forecasting Theories
Social forecasting at the turn of the XIX — XX centuries
Scientific-publicistic genre of "thinking about the future"
Historical, political and economic conditions for the formation of a technological forecasting paradigm

The development of social forecasting
"Antifuturological waves" A. Toffler
Club of Rome and its role in the study of the future
The current stage of development of future research.
Global Studies and Alternative Studies

The concept of "technological forecasting" and its essence
Brief history of the emergence and development of the concept of "technological forecasting"
Methodology of technological forecasting (forms of concretization of foresight, typology of forecasts)
Foresight, forecasting and prognostics
Forecasting tools

Technology predictive development of social processes
Drawing up a research program - pre-forecast orientation
Stages and procedures for developing a prognostic study program
Construction of the original base model and its analysis
Predicting background model building

THEME 4. APPLIED SOCIAL FORECAST

Forecasting of problem situations in the spheres of labor sociology and politics
Projections in the field of labor sociology
Sociology Policy Predictions
Expected and desired changes in the social structure of society, in social organization and social management

Forecasting of problem situations in the spheres of family sociology, education, science and medicine
Family Sociology Forecasts
Prospects for the beginning of the depopulation process
Forecasts in the field of sociology of education
Forecasts in the field of sociology of science
Forecasts in the field of sociology of medicine

Prediction of problem situations in the fields of sociology of culture, resettlement, ecology and crime
Forecasts in the field of sociology of culture
Forecasts in the field of sociology of resettlement
Environmental Sociology Forecasts
Forecasts in the sociology of crime

At the forefront of modern social prediction
The ripening of the fourth world war and the ways to prevent it
Personal cyborgization - process optimization

THEME 5. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF CULTUROLOGY

Culturology in the system of socio-humanitarian knowledge: its structure and typology
Features of cultural studies
Culturology as an integrative scientific discipline
Tasks and functions of cultural studies
Structure (morphology) of culture
Material culture
Spiritual culture
Classification of values ​​(conditional)
Typology of culture
The main approaches to the historical typology of culture
Culture of social and ethnic communities
Professional and folk culture
Economic background and social functions of mass culture
Dominant culture, subculture, counterculture

Types of culture
Economic culture
Political culture
Functions of political culture
Legal culture
Functions of legal culture
Moral culture
Religion and culture
Religion structure
Art culture
Sign-symbolic function of art
Art as a catharsis

Historical stages of the formation and development of world culture:
primitive culture, ancient east
The main features of primitive culture
Anthropomorphism
Traditionalism
Spiritual culture of primitive man
Forms of religion
Magic as a way of knowing and mastering the world
Myth as the main form of archaic consciousness
Myth functions
Culture of the ancient societies of the East
Dvorichche (Mesopotamia)
Ancient Egypt
Ancient india
Ancient China

Historical stages of the formation and development of world culture:
ancient Greece, ancient Rome and the European Middle Ages
Characteristic features of the ancient Greek culture
Anthropocentric culture presupposes the cult of the human body
Mythology, Philosophy, Science, Literature
Roman culture
Religion
Architecture
Science and art
Culture of the European Middle Ages
The origins of medieval culture
Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Christianity in the culture of the Middle Ages
Paganism in medieval culture
Carnival, laughter character of folk culture
Education and science in the Middle Ages
Knightly culture
Artistic culture of the Middle Ages

THEME 6. CULTURE OF THE EPOCH OF REVIVAL, NEW TIME AND THE XX CENTURY. ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF CULTURE

Culture of the Renaissance, New Age and the twentieth century
Formation of the Renaissance culture
The ideas of ancient humanism
Science and art
Northern Renaissance
Culture of the New Age XVII-XIX centuries
The era of capitalism
The development of European science
The development of the educational movement
The development of science in the XIX century
The development of art and architecture
XX century culture
Science in the culture of the twentieth century
Art directions in the culture of the XX century
Musical culture of the twentieth century

Actual problems of culture: culture and civilization, culture and nature
Modern understanding of civilization
Development of the civilization theory of local cultures
Formation of world civilization
Culture and nature
Naturalistic concepts of culture and man
Modern forms of naturalism
Ecology

Actual problems of culture: culture and personality, language and culture
The interaction of culture and personality
Socialization of personality
The emergence of various psycho-cultural personality types
Language and culture. Language as an element of culture
Process of language
Forms of language existence
Artificial languages
Formation of ethnic identity
Search and regulatory forecast
Search Forecast: Forecast Search Technique
Problem situation and prospects for its development
Social problems and their systematization
Building a "tree of social problems"
Sequence of operations in the development of a search forecast
Regulatory forecast. Forecast verification
Idealization and prediction of ideal situations
Optimization and prediction of optimal situations
Standardization and forecasting of regulatory situations
Basic methods for predicting target situations
The sequence of operations normative forecast

THEME 7. POLITICAL SCIENCE

Political science as a science. Political system.
Political science as an independent scientific discipline
The main paradigms of political science are theological, naturalistic, social and rational-critical.
The place of political science in the system of social and human sciences
Methodology and methods of political research
History of political studies. Political ideas of antiquity and the Middle Ages
Political thought of the Renaissance and New Age
Modern political teachings of the West
Socio-political thought
Political elite as a subject of the political process
Causes and functions of political elites
The political elite of modern society
The political system of society
Types, structures and functions of the political system
Modern political system

Elections. Political regimes. Party Political conflicts.
Election systems: mechanisms and procedures
Election campaign
Democratic Principles of Suffrage
Principles for the organization of democratic elections
The main types of electoral system
Election procedure
Political regimes
Democratic regime
Totalitarian regime
Authoritarian regime
Interest groups and parties
Political parties and their essence
Types of parties and party systems
The state as an institution of the political system of society
Political conflicts as a type of political relationship
Typology of political conflicts
Conflict management strategy
Civil society, its origins and features

The essence of politics and political science. Politics as a science and academic discipline
Functions of political science: philosophy, history, theory, sociology, psychology, anthropology, geography
Subject and object of political science
Social structure and social policy
The contents of the world of politics
Methods of political science
Place of political science in the humanities
Political life and socialization
Social control
The essence and content of the political life of society

THEME 8. SOCIOLOGY AS A WORLD PRESENT

Sociology: problems and prospects
Changes in the modern world
Sociological issues: factual, comparative, developmental and theoretical issues
Intentional and unintended consequences of human actions
The development of a sociological worldview
Culture and society. Meeting cultures
Nature and nurture. Sociobiology
Semiotics and material culture
Types of premodern societies
The main features of the traditional state
Societies in the modern world
Industrial societies

Socialization
Socialization and life cycle
Early stages of infant development. The development of the senses
Babies and mothers
Formation of social reactions
Basic Theories of Child Development
Personal development
Stages of cognitive development
Family
Media
Resocialization
Socialization and individual freedom

Daily social life
Nonverbal communication
Social rules, conversations and conversation
Mutual understanding
Conversation forms
Face, posture and speech in the process of interaction
Situations and circumstances
Impression management
Collisions and personal space
Interaction in time and space
Cultural and Historical Perspective
Microsociology and macrosociology

Society and Deviant Behavior
Rules and Sanctions
Laws, Crime, and Punishment
Biological and psychological theories, crimes and deviations
Anomie as the cause of crime
Stigma theory
Rational choice and “situational” interpretation of crime

THEME 9. CRIMES, GENDER, POWER STRUCTURES AND ETHNIC GROUPS

Crime and crime statistics
Murder and other serious crimes
Crimes of rich people and people endowed with power
Government crimes
Organized crime
Politics, social pressure and psychiatry
The concept of mental illness
Deviations and social order

Gender and sexuality
Gender, Gender and Biology
Socialization and gender
Books and Stories
School and peer influence
Gender Identity and Gender: Three Theories
Patriarchate and production
Women and the workplace: a historical overview
Inequality in labor
Women's movements
Domestic Abuse
"Normal" sexual behavior
Sexual behavior

Power structures
Stratification and class structure
Theories of Stratification in Modern Societies
The complexity of class systems
Differences in wealth and income
Reputation method
Qualified professionals, managers, administrators
White-collar, blue-collar: feminization and proletarianization
Class division and gender
Social mobility
Poverty and inequality

Ethnicity and race
Ethnic groups, minorities and races in pluralistic societies
Minorities
Race and Biology
Ethnic contradictions, prejudices and discrimination
Authoritarian personality
Ethnicity and childhood
Sociological interpretations
Ethnic relations in historical perspective
Race, racism and inequality

THEME 10. ORGANIZATIONS AND GROUPS. GOVERNMENT. STATE. WAR. SOCIAL INSTITUTES

Groups and organizations
Types of associations
Bureaucracy
Non-oligarchic organizations
Factors Affecting Organizations in the Modern World
Supervision and discipline in organizations

Politics, government and state
State Characteristics
Modern states
Citizens' rights
Party systems
Political parties and voting
Theories of state overload and crisis of legitimacy
Women's participation in politics
Non-institutionalized political actions
Replenishment of the elite, prestige and privileges
Totalitarianism

War and military forces
Past military action
Industrialization warriors
Total war
Types of military organization
Characteristics of the modern armed forces
Military, politics and society
Military-industrial complex
Global military spending and armament
War and global security

Social institutions
Kinship, marriage and family
Genesis of the family
Family Shift Worldwide
New family forms
Impacts on family and marriage now
Divorce and termination of marriage
Single parent family
Remarriage and step parents
Alternatives to marriage and family

THEME 11. EDUCATION. COMMUNICATION. RELIGION. WORK. SOCIAL CHANGES

Education, communication and media
Gender and school education
Intellect and Inequality
IQ and genetic factors
Communication and Media
Newspaper publishing
The influence of television

Religion
Definition of religion and magic
Varieties of religions
Theories of Religion
Types of religious organizations
Religious images
Membership in religious organizations and faith
Religious fundamentalism

Labor and economic life
Division of labor
Work and alienation
Low and high trust systems
Automation
Trade unions and industrial disputes
Strikes
Corporations and Corporate Power
Types of corporate capitalism
Unemployment
Informal economy

Social changes in the modern world
Globalization of social life
Third World Societies
The economic consequences of colonialism
Food production and the problem of world hunger
Imperialism
Theory of the World System
Transnational corporations
International Economic Integration
Non-state structures
Global retail chains
Threat to the global environment
Globalization of the media

THEME 12. URBANISM. POPULATION. SOCIAL CHANGES

Modern urbanism
The development of modern cities: self-awareness and culture
Theories of Urbanism
Sunset inner city
Privatization of public housing
Global city

Population, health and aging issues
World population growth
Basic demographic concepts
Health and Disease
Colonialism and the spread of disease
Social problems in old age

Revolutions and Social Movements
Twentieth Century Revolutions
Theories of Revolution
Consequences of revolutions
Riots, crowd disturbances and other forms of collective action
Rational crowd action
Social movements

Social change: past, present and future
Theories of social change
Unilinear and multilinear evolution
Historical materialism
Capitalism and socialism
Social change: a look into the future
Structuralism and semiotics
Symbolic interactionism
Consensus and conflict
Images of the modern world
Gender problem
Theoretical Thought in Sociology

 

Doctoral student provided
Access to the course materials in English in digital format through a personal account;
Consultations of a personal tutor throughout the entire training period (Skype, WhatsUp, Telegram, E-mail);
Access to the electronic library of the academy;
Access to the qualification exam (essay);
Access to the Academy video channel.

Cost of education
Total Tuition Fee 27,000 Pounds
Granted Tuition Fee 6,000 Pounds

Portrait of the target audience of the course
• Managers responsible for the organization and development of business, culture, government relations
• Heads of strategy and communications development departments
• Owners and Heads of organizations of small, medium and large business
• Heads of public organizations

Graduation documents at the end of the programme
Graduates of the PhD program “Sociology, Political Science, Culturology, Philosophy” receive a Singapore Academy of Corporate Management Doctor of Philosophy Diploma and
Diploma of British Business Academy Research & Teaching International (as part of the franchise program and mutual recognition of diplomas)

Media

PhD Социология, Политология, Культурология, Философия SACM TV (c) 2020

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