PhD Programme Sociology, Political Science, Culturology, Philosophy
In the process of learning of classical thought, a unique step-by-step presentation of material will be used. The idea is to present the course like an captivating computer game where all the materials will be organized from easier to more complex levels, and philosophy and cultural studies will become your weapon for solving the most complex external and internal problems. Such an educational concept means to show that philosophy and culture are not boring disciplines but an exciting intellectual game for the development of your free thinking skills, it is the game in which everyone can take part.
“Arms” philosophical warehouse: Answers to Questions. What is thought? What is culture? What is philosophy and what is it for? What is my “I” and how to perceive it? What is language? What is power?
Use of categorical philosophical weapons. We will start from the fact that the basic categories of world culture, such as good, evil, the will to power, death, perception of time, the search for the meaning of life, justice, destiny, subjectivity, and many others remain basic at any historical period and in any society. They can change forms but not their essence and nature. Therefore, the key methodological principle of this course is to consider the basic categories in several world cultures, which are the axes of the entire world civilization: Mesopotamian (Old Eastern); Egyptian; Indian; Greek; Chinese. The task of doctoral students will be a consistent consideration of all aspects of these categories highlighting the basic meanings of each of them, understanding particular differences and similarities between the same categories in other cultures. Understanding these basic categories is important in order to get a more clear picture of the specific character of ancient civilizations, it is also important for an adequate understanding of the current situation and the development of individual independent thinking.
Using the example of cultural codes, students will consider the basic categories on which any philosophical culture and society is built on. It is necessary in order:
1. To build a coherent view of the culture process, differences and similarities, as well as the continuity of its main categories. It should be kept in mind that the latter can simultaneously play the role of both the foundation and dynamite. It is a foundation if these concepts are supported by people who laid them for the groundwork for their social, ethical, religious, sexual and business life. But it is a dynamite if, for one reason or another, society begins to reconsiders these categories. This leads to a revolution, as it happened, for example, in the XXth century in Russia.
2. To be able to see the difference and particularity of cultures that is extremely important in the globalized world today for the better understanding of the latter. Just one example: the category of “justice” or “fate” has been perceived differently in Greece and India. The Greeks perceived this concept as fatality, fate was seen as something given from above and not subject to change. An individual person, no matter what place he occupied in the social hierarchy, could not change his fate (moira), he had to follow until the end. In India, fate (daiva) was associated with human actions, its course could be influenced by changing karma. It brings about a different attitude to the world among the ancient Greeks and Indians, which formed different patterns of perception, both of themselves and of the world as a whole. In China, the concept of destiny-path (Tao), the nuclear principle that permeates everything that exists, also had its own characteristics, differing from the Greek and Indian. Greek “fatalism” and Indian “karmic participation” in the Chinese Tao coexist. For the Chinese, there is what the German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz called “pre-established harmony” and personal involvement in destiny (his own and society as a whole), and the task is to not violate this harmony that is in fact very difficult. A similar situation is with the category of “justice.” For example, in ancient Egypt, justice was personified by Maʼat, a goddess and an abstract principle at the same time. Man perceived Maʼat as something given but not once and forever since the human being must support this principle at any moment of his or her life. Greek and Indian justice were more earthly, concrete, in other words, they were more social than religious.
3. To be able to speak with a person of another culture in his or her language, understand his or her codes. Already from the examples above one can see the differences between people who lived in ancient times and belonged to a different cultural type and our contemporaries. But these differences are largely preserved today. For many of us, who live in the West, personal involvement in the world or social processes does not make much sense, we do not see ourselves directly linked with the higher forces governing the world processes, and, to put it simply, we don’t bother with this. Generally we are interesting in quite specific social, economic and personal business, and their success within a short period of time. For the Chinese or the Indian, the situation is different; they feel much more involved in the world at the “large scale” and inclined to see themselves not so much as an atomic structure having little to do with the whole, but an integral part of it that affects the whole system. So, if the concept of “world” for a Western person is generally reduced to a set of rules necessary for social survival and receiving personal benefits from society, for the Chinese “world” is also the whole that needs his or her support. The world is not only the environment, but also a goal. This leads to some fundamental differences in thinking that must be taken into account. Similar differences exist even between the Russians and Europeans, the Russians and Americans. All this makes our modern planet not only “global,” but also manifold hard to understand and live in.
4. To understand (philosophically) the political situation in the world. Politics is one of cultural dimensions. To have an adequate understanding of it, it is necessary to know its internal mechanism, its language and mythology. Political concepts are largely dependent on the philosophical and cultural background they come from. Not only someone who has money and influence wins in politics (this is necessary, but not enough), someone who understands his or her time is politically successful. Time is encoded in cultural and philosophical references scattered across the entire social field. Even people, who are very far from intellectual games, use these references, whether they like it or not. The one who knows better how to use these references and through them create useful contexts will come to power.
History of philosophy
After passing the first and second level, doctoral students will proceed to the third level - consideration of a number of philosophical concepts and topics: • Space; • Time; • Visibility; • Society; • Death of the Subject? • Language power: Who Speaks? Whom is Speaking To? • Publicity, its Boundaries and Opportunities? • Images of Death in the Modern World; • Signs and Blindness; • Intimacy. What is it today? • Consciousness: Where did it Come From and Where is it going? • Metamorphosis of Sexuality. We will consider these concepts and themes in a number of the key philosophical figures of European and Eastern philosophy: Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Marx, Freud. The task is not to study in depth the philosophical views of these authors but with their help to answer some fundamental questions the world faces today. In other words, in our philosophical game these philosophers will become for us a kind of weapon we will use to achieve our goals. The rule will be as follows: every gamer, a doctoral student, depending on how he or she passed the previous levels, i.e. how he or she showed the originality of his or her thinking, will be able to choose philosophers from the past (one, two or several) and, arguing with them, to develop further his or her chosen philosophical topic. In addition, at the third level, any philosophical topic, if a doctoral student wishes, we could analyze through appropriate films. Several films will be selected that correspond to a particular problem, and a student will reflect on his or her topic using the language of cinema. It can give an additional interesting dimension to the analysis of the problem. It is important to remember: as well as not all the written is clear, not everything shown is visible. Unlike ordinary university courses, where students cannot freely express their point of view, being asked to mirror the tutor's ideas and what he or she learned in the textbooks, in this course students will have much more freedom. They will have the right to express any ideas, criticize any authors, without regard to their authority. The most important regulation is to be argumentative and explicit, any statement should be justified, and no phony philosophical messages will find a positive reaction. Philosophy is not an idle talk in the kitchen, it is an exact discipline that requires text-based argumentation, a non-trivial angle and, I repeat, inner freedom.
PHD COURSE PROGRAMME "SOCIOLOGY, POLITICAL SCIENCE, CULTUROLOGY, PHILOSOPHY"
THEME 1. THEORY AND HISTORY OF SOCIOLOGY
Sociology - the science of society and the social world; Formation and development of sociology; Society as an object of scientific knowledge; The object and subject of sociology; Sociology structure; Sociology and political science;Sociology and other social sciences; Functions of sociology; Features of the formation and development of sociology in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; We note three fundamental considerations; Dialectical materialism and sociology; Classes and class struggle; Sociology in the early twentieth century; Society and personality. Social changes; Social and mental personality structure; The essence of the socialization process; Theoretical ideas about the direction of social change; Social evolution and social revolution; Formational and civilizational approaches to the study of society; Types of societies; Features of social transformations in modern society; Types of civilization development; Russia and catch-up modernization; Social change and social development; Social interaction and social structure; The classic concept of social action M. Weber; Concepts of action, interaction, social space and sociocultural dynamics in integral sociology P. Sorokin; General theory of social action of T. Parsons; The concept of action in the dynamic sociology of A.Turen; Theory of the communicative action of J. Habermas; Concepts of social action and social space P. Bourdieu; E.Giddens structuring theory; The concept of self-reference system N. Luman; Symbolic interactionism; Social Exchange Theories; Social structure of society; Social structure as a result of social differentiation; Sociological meaning and historical significance of the theory of classes and class struggle; Social groups and social communities, their typology; The essence of social stratification; Characteristics of social mobility in modern society.
THEME 2. SOCIAL INSTITUTES AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT
Social institutions; Social organization as a process and hierarchical target system of social interaction; Social institutions as subjects of social change and development. Ideological functions of social institutions; Society as a regulated and managed social system; Place and role of social factors in the management structure; Management culture, its essence, features of formation; Social management; Social management as an independent branch of scientific knowledge; The essence and content of social management; History of managerial social thought; Laws and principles of social management; Social management methods; Goal-setting management; Strategic goal setting - a resource of crisis management; Value Impact in Social Management; Information support of social management; Social management system. Essence, content, structural elements of the system; Organizational relationships and organizational activities; Social leader of managerial type; Management decision making; Making joint decisions. Collegiate-liberal leadership style; Social control and management effectiveness; Management features in the XXI century; Geopolitics in modern management; The state is the main subject of social management; Social management as a system; Modern management and its classification; Social management system; Social systems and their components; Sociological research: its types, structure and functions; Methods of collecting sociological information; Sociological research in the structure of sociological knowledge; The main types and types of sociological research; Mapping the logic of sociological research in its program; Representativeness of the study; Sociological information, its main types; Sociological observation, especially its organization; The method of expert assessments, its types, features of the organization; Analysis of sociological information and sociological forecast.
THEME 3. SOCIAL FORECASTING
Historical conditions for the emergence and development of social forecasting; The development of ideas about the future in the early stages of human existence. Presentation of primitive thinking. Religious, utopian and philosophical and historical roots. Forecasting Theories; Social forecasting at the turn of the XIX — XX centuries; Scientific-publicistic genre of "thinking about the future"; Historical, political and economic conditions for the formation of a technological forecasting paradigm; The development of social forecasting; "Antifuturological waves" A. Toffler; Club of Rome and its role in the study of the future; The current stage of development of future research. Global Studies and Alternative Studies; The concept of "technological forecasting" and its essence; Brief history of the emergence and development of the concept of "technological forecasting"; Methodology of technological forecasting (forms of concretization of foresight, typology of forecasts); Foresight, forecasting and prognostics; Forecasting tools; Technology predictive development of social processes; Drawing up a research program - pre-forecast orientation; Stages and procedures for developing a prognostic study program; Construction of the original base model and its analysis; Predicting background model building.
THEME 4. APPLIED SOCIAL FORECAST
Forecasting of problem situations in the spheres of labor sociology and politics; Projections in the field of labor sociology; Sociology Policy Predictions; Expected and desired changes in the social structure of society, in social organization and social management; Forecasting of problem situations in the spheres of family sociology, education, science and medicine; Family Sociology Forecasts; Prospects for the beginning of the depopulation process; Forecasts in the field of sociology of education; Forecasts in the field of sociology of science; Forecasts in the field of sociology of medicine; Prediction of problem situations in the fields of sociology of culture, resettlement, ecology and crime; Forecasts in the field of sociology of culture; Forecasts in the field of sociology of resettlement; Environmental Sociology Forecasts; Forecasts in the sociology of crime; At the forefront of modern social prediction; The ripening of the fourth world war and the ways to prevent it; Personal cyborgization - process optimization.
THEME 5. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF CULTUROLOGY
Culturology in the system of socio-humanitarian knowledge: its structure and typology; Features of cultural studies; Culturology as an integrative scientific discipline; Tasks and functions of cultural studies; Structure (morphology) of culture; Material culture; Spiritual culture; Classification of values (conditional); Typology of culture; The main approaches to the historical typology of culture; Culture of social and ethnic communities; Professional and folk culture; Economic background and social functions of mass culture; Dominant culture, subculture, counterculture; Types of culture; Economic culture; Political culture; Functions of political culture; Legal culture; Functions of legal culture; Moral culture; Religion and culture; Religion structure; Art culture; Sign-symbolic function of art; Art as a catharsis; Historical stages of the formation and development of world culture: primitive culture, ancient east; The main features of primitive culture; Anthropomorphism; Traditionalism; Spiritual culture of primitive man; Forms of religion; Magic as a way of knowing and mastering the world; Myth as the main form of archaic consciousness; Myth functions; Culture of the ancient societies of the East; Dvorichche (Mesopotamia); Ancient Egypt; Ancient india; Ancient China; Historical stages of the formation and development of world culture: ancient Greece, ancient Rome and the European Middle Ages; Characteristic features of the ancient Greek culture; Anthropocentric culture presupposes the cult of the human body; Mythology, Philosophy, Science, Literature; Roman culture; Religion; Architecture; Science and art; Culture of the European Middle Ages; The origins of medieval culture; Antiquity and the Middle Ages; Christianity in the culture of the Middle Ages; Paganism in medieval culture; Carnival, laughter character of folk culture; Education and science in the Middle Ages; Knightly culture; Artistic culture of the Middle Ages.
THEME 6. CULTURE OF THE EPOCH OF REVIVAL, NEW TIME AND THE XX CENTURY. ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF CULTURE
Culture of the Renaissance, New Age and the twentieth century; Formation of the Renaissance culture; The ideas of ancient humanism; Science and art; Northern Renaissance; Culture of the New Age XVII-XIX centuries; The era of capitalism; The development of European science; The development of the educational movement; The development of science in the XIX century; The development of art and architecture; XX century culture; Science in the culture of the twentieth century; Art directions in the culture of the XX century; Musical culture of the twentieth century; Actual problems of culture: culture and civilization, culture and nature; Modern understanding of civilization; Development of the civilization theory of local cultures; Formation of world civilization; Culture and nature; Naturalistic concepts of culture and man; Modern forms of naturalism; Ecology; Actual problems of culture: culture and personality, language and culture; The interaction of culture and personality; Socialization of personality; The emergence of various psycho-cultural personality types; Language and culture. Language as an element of culture; Process of language; Forms of language existence; Artificial languages; Formation of ethnic identity; Search and regulatory forecast; Search Forecast: Forecast Search Technique; Problem situation and prospects for its development; Social problems and their systematization; Building a "tree of social problems"; Sequence of operations in the development of a search forecast; Regulatory forecast. Forecast verification; Idealization and prediction of ideal situations; Optimization and prediction of optimal situations; Standardization and forecasting of regulatory situations; Basic methods for predicting target situations; The sequence of operations normative forecast.
THEME 7. POLITICAL SCIENCE
Political science as a science. Political system. Political science as an independent scientific discipline; The main paradigms of political science are theological, naturalistic, social and rational-critical. The place of political science in the system of social and human sciences; Methodology and methods of political research; History of political studies. Political ideas of antiquity and the Middle Ages; Political thought of the Renaissance and New Age; Modern political teachings of the West; Socio-political thought; Political elite as a subject of the political process; Causes and functions of political elites; The political elite of modern society; The political system of society; Types, structures and functions of the political system; Modern political system; Elections. Political regimes. Party Political conflicts. Election systems: mechanisms and procedures; Election campaign; Democratic Principles of Suffrage; Principles for the organization of democratic elections; The main types of electoral system; Election procedure; Political regimes; Democratic regime; Totalitarian regime; Authoritarian regime; Interest groups and parties; Political parties and their essence; Types of parties and party systems; The state as an institution of the political system of society; Political conflicts as a type of political relationship; Typology of political conflicts; Conflict management strategy; Civil society, its origins and features; The essence of politics and political science. Politics as a science and academic discipline; Functions of political science: philosophy, history, theory, sociology, psychology, anthropology, geography; Subject and object of political science; Social structure and social policy; The contents of the world of politics; Methods of political science; Place of political science in the humanities; Political life and socialization; Social control; The essence and content of the political life of society.
THEME 8. SOCIOLOGY AS A WORLD PRESENT
Sociology: problems and prospects; Changes in the modern world; Sociological issues: factual, comparative, developmental and theoretical issues; Intentional and unintended consequences of human actions; The development of a sociological worldview; Culture and society. Meeting cultures; Nature and nurture. Sociobiology; Semiotics and material culture; Types of premodern societies; The main features of the traditional state; Societies in the modern world; Industrial societies; Socialization; Socialization and life cycle; Early stages of infant development. The development of the senses; Babies and mothers; Formation of social reactions; Basic Theories of Child Development; Personal development; Stages of cognitive development; Family; Media; Resocialization; Socialization and individual freedom; Daily social life; Nonverbal communication; Social rules, conversations and conversation; Mutual understanding; Conversation forms; Face, posture and speech in the process of interaction; Situations and circumstances; Impression management; Collisions and personal space; Interaction in time and space; Cultural and Historical Perspective; Microsociology and macrosociology; Society and Deviant Behavior; Rules and Sanctions; Laws, Crime, and Punishment; Biological and psychological theories, crimes and deviations; Anomie as the cause of crime; Stigma theory; Rational choice and “situational” interpretation of crime.
THEME 9. CRIMES, GENDER, POWER STRUCTURES AND ETHNIC GROUPS
Crime and crime statistics; Murder and other serious crimes; Crimes of rich people and people endowed with power; Government crimes; Organized crime; Politics, social pressure and psychiatry; The concept of mental illness; Deviations and social order; Gender and sexuality; Gender, Gender and Biology; Socialization and gender; Books and Stories; School and peer influence; Gender Identity and Gender: Three Theories; Patriarchate and production; Women and the workplace: a historical overview; Inequality in labor; Women's movements; Domestic Abuse; "Normal" sexual behavior; Sexual behavior; Power structures; Stratification and class structure; Theories of Stratification in Modern Societies;The complexity of class systems; Differences in wealth and income; Reputation method; Qualified professionals, managers, administrators; White-collar, blue-collar: feminization and proletarianization; Class division and gender; Social mobility; Poverty and inequality; Ethnicity and race; Ethnic groups, minorities and races in pluralistic societies; Minorities; Race and Biology; Ethnic contradictions, prejudices and discrimination; Authoritarian personality; Ethnicity and childhood; Sociological interpretations; Ethnic relations in historical perspective; Race, racism and inequality.
THEME 10. ORGANIZATIONS AND GROUPS. GOVERNMENT. STATE. WAR. SOCIAL INSTITUTES
Groups and organizations; Types of associations; Bureaucracy; Non-oligarchic organizations; Factors Affecting Organizations in the Modern World; Supervision and discipline in organizations; Politics, government and state; State Characteristics; Modern states; Citizens' rights; Party systems; Political parties and voting; Theories of state overload and crisis of legitimacy; Women's participation in politics; Non-institutionalized political actions; Replenishment of the elite, prestige and privileges; Totalitarianism; War and military forces; Past military action; Industrialization warriors; Total war; Types of military organization; Characteristics of the modern armed forces; Military, politics and society; Military-industrial complex; Global military spending and armament; War and global security; Social institutions; Kinship, marriage and family; Genesis of the family; Family Shift Worldwide; New family forms; Impacts on family and marriage now; Divorce and termination of marriage; Single parent family; Remarriage and step parents; Alternatives to marriage and family.
THEME 11. EDUCATION. COMMUNICATION. RELIGION. WORK. SOCIAL CHANGES
Education, communication and media; Gender and school education; Intellect and Inequality; IQ and genetic factors; Communication and Media; Newspaper publishing; The influence of television; Religion; Definition of religion and magic; Varieties of religions; Theories of Religion; Types of religious organizations; Religious images; Membership in religious organizations and faith; Religious fundamentalism; Labor and economic life; Division of labor; Work and alienation; Low and high trust systems; Automation; Trade unions and industrial disputes; Strikes; Corporations and Corporate Power; Types of corporate capitalism; Unemployment; Informal economy; Social changes in the modern world; Globalization of social life; Third World Societies; The economic consequences of colonialism; Food production and the problem of world hunger; Imperialism; Theory of the World System; Transnational corporations; International Economic Integration; Non-state structures; Global retail chains; Threat to the global environment; Globalization of the media.
THEME 12. URBANISM. POPULATION. SOCIAL CHANGES
Modern urbanism; The development of modern cities: self-awareness and culture; Theories of Urbanism; Sunset inner city; Privatization of public housing; Global city; Population, health and aging issues; World population growth; Basic demographic concepts; Health and Disease; Colonialism and the spread of disease; Social problems in old age; Revolutions and Social Movements; Twentieth Century Revolutions; Theories of Revolution; Consequences of revolutions; Riots, crowd disturbances and other forms of collective action; Rational crowd action; Social movements; Social change: past, present and future; Theories of social change; Unilinear and multilinear evolution; Historical materialism; Capitalism and socialism; Social change: a look into the future; Structuralism and semiotics; Symbolic interactionism; Consensus and conflict; Images of the modern world; Gender problem; Theoretical Thought in Sociology.
THEME 13. CORPORATE ANTHROPOLOGY
Team formation and management system; Teamwork culture; Behavioral Compliance System; Axiology is a theory of values; Malthusianism is part of classical economic theory; Culture and cultivation; Cultural boundaries; Transfer of cultural codes; Synergy and entropy in the corporate environment; The role and value of dialogue in the corporate environment; Comparative analysis of team management methodologies. Coaching, Tutoring, Tracking, Mentoring, Training, Moderation, Facilitation, Cape Cod Model. Inclusion; Organizations as social systems; Money, as a tool for managing the system, “energy of money”.
THEME 14. PERSONALITY, DECISION MAKING AND MANAGEMENT PSYCHOLOGY
Will and volitional efforts; The meaning of life and the road to the realization of meanings; Triggers and weak points of a person's personality; Emotionality: enemy or friend; Risks and barriers in the implementation of management decisions; Intelligence and reasoning; Types of thinking: systemic, creative, critical, “strategic”; Brain work (alpha, beta ...), a new look in the new millennium (a system for determining significance, a central performing network, etc.); Intuition in life and business relationships; Judgment, opinion formation and decision making. Management axioms; Delegation; Processes within the organization; Power; Leadership and charisma. Leadership skills, behavior and processes; Leader as a teacher; Complexes of the Head; VUCA-world; Agile - approaches; Digital transformation and human psychology; Implementation and maintenance of changes in organizations; Mental traps; Visionary work; Owner's psychology and traditions; Wealth and society in different countries, taxes and taxpayer psychology.
TARGET AUDIENCE OF THE PROGRAM
• Leaders responsible for organizing and developing areas of business, culture, government relations;
• Heads of departments for the development of strategies and communications;
• Owners and managers of small, medium and large businesses;
• Representatives of science, culture, education;
• Heads of departments for the development of intelligent products and product lines;
• Heads of public administration organizations;
• Leaders of international and non-profit organizations.
ENROLLMENT AND TRAINING TIMES
Beginning of training: monthly from the 1st day of the month;
Duration of study on the program is 18 months.
Singapore Academy of Corporate Management PhD / Doctor of Philosophy;
British Business Academy Research & Teaching International PhD (Franchise and Mutual Recognition Program).
COST OF EDUCATION
The total cost of training is 28,500 GB Pounds sterling;
Grant Tuition Fee 7,300 GB Pounds Sterling.
THE DOCTORATE IS PROVIDED WITH
Access to course materials in Russian in digital format through a personal account;
Consulting a personal tutor throughout the entire period of study;
Access to the electronic library of the academy;
Access to passing qualifying exams;
Access to the video channel of the academy;
The possibility of publishing dissertation research in the journals of the Higher Attestation Commission of the Russian Federation.